- At the time of the formation of the “Pact of Steel” (6–7 May 1939), Italian General Ugo Cavallero gave German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop a memorandum for the Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, from Benito Mussolini, informing him that Germany’s chief ally would not be able to enter a European war at any time before 1942 unless Germany agreed to replace the military supplies that Italy had used in Ethiopia and in the Spanish Civil War. Mussolini wanted to conduct, at a moment of his own choosing, a war parallel to Hitler’s but independent of Hitler’s attempt to consolidate Germany’s position in northern Europe. Italy’s ambitions focused on the Mediterranean and the Balkans.German moves into Slovakia (in March 1939) induced Mussolini to anticipate his planned invasion of Albania, the better to demonstrate to Hitler his capacity for autonomous action. When Hitler made war on Poland and within weeks had forced it to submit, and then crushed Norway, the Low Countries, and France, Mussolini saw the prospect loom of a reordering of Europe’s power relations without Italy’s participation. Hence, he declared war on Britain and France on 10 June 1940, so that “a few thousand [Italian] dead” would entitle him to a seat at the peace settlement that he believed to be imminent. The result of this military intervention was that Italy was embroiled in disastrous wars with Britain in North Africa and with Greece that went so badly Germany had to intervene to prevent a total debacle.See also World War II.
Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. Mark F. Gilbert & K. Robert Nilsson. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Parallel Lines — Studioalbum von Blondie Veröffentlichung 1978 Label Chrysalis Records Format … Deutsch Wikipedia
War — • In its juridical sense, a contention carried on by force of arms between sovereign states, or communities having in this regard the right of states Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. War War … Catholic encyclopedia
Parallel 36°30′ north — 36.5° 36.5th parallel north … Wikipedia
War in Vietnam (1945–1946) — War in Vietnam (1945 1946) Part of the Indochina Wars and the Cold War A Japanese off … Wikipedia
Parallel Universe (company) — Parallel Universe produced the documentary films info wars and The War on Drugs . Parallel Universe is based in Europe and was founded in 2004. External links * [http://www.parallel universe.com/ Official Website] * [http://www.war on drugs.com/… … Wikipedia
Parallel universe (fiction) — A parallel universe or alternative reality is a hypothetical self contained separate reality coexisting with one s own. A specific group of parallel universes is called a multiverse , although this term can also be used to describe the possible… … Wikipedia
Parallel-Schnittstelle — IEEE 1284 Druckerkabel (Typ AB) Der veraltende IEEE 1284 Standard definiert eine parallele Schnittstelle zur bidirektionalen Übertragung von Daten zwischen PCs und unterschiedlichen Peripheriegeräten (Drucker, Fax, Scanner, Laufwerke etc.). Der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Parallel ATA — ATA/ATAPI Stiftleiste (am Host bzw. am Peripheriegerät) 80 und 40 adrige ATA/ATAPI Kabel, zum Verbinden von Host zu Gerät ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment with Packet … Deutsch Wikipedia
War of the Pacific — This article is about the 19th century war between Bolivia, Chile and Peru. For the Pacific theatre of WW II, see Pacific War. War of the Pacific … Wikipedia
War Machine — This article is about the superhero. For other uses, see War Machine (disambiguation). War Machine Promotional art for Iron Man: Director of S.H.I.E.L.D. #33 Art by Adi Granov. Publica … Wikipedia